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Chaire Jean Monnet Economie Circulaire, Ecologie industrielle

La Chaire Jean Monnet "Economie circulaire et écologie industrielle" est articulée autour de postulats :  1° L'économie circulaire doit être fondée sur une approche systémique, mobilisant la dynamique des systèmes, intégrant toutes les dimensions de la durabilité (économique, technologique, sociale, environnementale, culturelle, gouvernance, etc.), augmentant l'intérêt et l'engagement de toutes les parties prenantes et proposant des scénarios en adéquation avec les résultats attendus (réduction de l'utilisation de matières et d'énergie, et des émissions de CO2 ; réduction des empreintes environnementales ; acceptation sociale ; changements de comportement).  2° Il s'agit moins de réduire son empreinte écologique que de redessiner les contours d'un modèle biophysique, qui pourrait intégrer des contraintes économiques ou incarner un nouveau modèle économique offrant des modèles économiques viables pour les entreprises et les entreprises sociales de toutes tailles.  3° La transition vers une nouvelle forme d'économie circulaire implique l'émergence d'un modèle de durabilité forte dans lequel l'éco-efficacité va de pair avec la résilience, la proximité et la coopération. La coopération s'exprime en termes de relations symbiotiques. La symbiose est le principal pilier de l'économie circulaire pour l'Europe, notamment lorsqu'elles intègrent une dimension industrielle et urbaine, mais aussi l'aménagement du territoire à l'échelle biorégionale. 4° Cette économie circulaire doit être profondément ancrée dans l'interdisciplinarité  (enseignement et formation) et appelle une approche qualitative en complément des indicateurs quantitatifs et des tableaux de bord. Aux dimensions économiques et environnementales, nous associons les dimensions culturelles et politiques qui sont importantes pour l'Europe. Toutes les échelles de changement de circularité considérées s'inscrivent dans des contextes sociaux et culturels et nous en tiendrons compte dans les modèles, les récits et les recommandations qui résulteront de cette recherche. 5° Cette économie circulaire doit inclure un changement socioculturel comprenant les relations et les pratiques qui impliquent les perceptions, les valeurs et les attitudes culturelles des individus et groupes d'individus.

La Chaire propose 4 types d'activités : (1) Formation, (2) Recherche, (3) Produits, (4) Évènements 
 

The Jean Monnet “Europe, Industrial Ecology and Circular economy” Chair as set out in this work plan for implementation in Europe, intends to go beyond the 3Rs model (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) or the strategy of decoupling the economy from the environment. Its originality rests mainly on five important postulates: 1° The circular economy must be based on a systemic approach, mobilising the dynamics of systems, integrating all dimensions of sustainability (economic, technological, social, environmental, cultural, governance, etc.), increasing the interest and engagement of all stakeholders and proposing scenarios in line with the expected results (reduction of material and energy use, and CO 2emissions; reduction of environmental footprints; social acceptance; changes in behaviour). 2° It is less a question of reducing its ecological footprint than of redrawing the contours of a biophysical model, which could incorporate economic constraints or embody a new economic model that provides viable business models for firms and social enterprises of all sizes. 3° The transition to a new form of circular economy implies the emergence of a strong sustainability model in which eco-efficiency goes hand in hand with resilience, proximity and cooperation. Cooperation is expressed in terms of symbiotic relationships. Symbiosis is the main pillar of the circular economy for Europe, especially when they integrate an industrial and urban dimension, but they also include land-use on a bioregional scale. 4° This circular economy must be deeply rooted in interdisciplinarity study (teaching and training) and calls for a qualitative approach to complement quantitative indicators and dashboards. To the economic and environmental dimensions, we associate the cultural and political dimensions which are important for Europe. All the scales of circularity change considered are embedded in social and cultural contexts and we will reflect this in the models, narratives and policy suggestions that result from this research. 5° This circular economy has to include socio-cultural change including relationships and practices that involve people’s perceptions, values and cultural attitudes. These can block necessary change as well as assist.

The work plan of the Chair includes a unique work package, as suggested by the Application form (ERASMUS JMO Chair). Work tasks have been categorized as: (1) Teaching and training activities, (2) Products, (3) Research, (4) Events. These work tasks, though proposed separately, work together to promote the nexus of teaching-research-outreach activities.

FORMATION - TRAINING 

C1 : Cours "Europe, Ecologie Industrielle et Economie circulaire" (français), 25 h, Septembre - Décembre, Intervenant : Arnaud Diemer 
Ce cours est destiné aux élèves ingénieurs de Polytech (5e année) des options Energie, Mobilité, Gestion environnementale
- Analyse du plan d'action de l'Union Européenne en matière d'économie circulaire 
- Normes et législations européennes sur les déchets 
- Analyse du Green Deal et des rapports de la Fondation Ellen McArthur
- Etude sectorielle (Energie et Mobilité)
- Présentation des 7 piliers de l'économie circulaire 

C2 : Ingénierie circulaire, (français) 25h, Septembre à Décembre, Intervenant : Arnaud Diemer 
Ce cours s'adresse aux étudiants de 5e année de Polytech "Option Bio matériaux"
- Présentation du cadre d'analyse de l'économie circulaire 
- Boîte à outils (MFA, LCA)
- Modélisation via STELLA et VENSIM
- Réalisation d'un projet collectif (groupe de 4 étudiants) sur la chaîne de valeur des déchets (partenaire VALTOM)

C3 : Modélisation en système dynamique (français), 100 h, Septembre - Mai, Intervenants : Arnaud Diemer et Cécile Batisse 
Le cours est destiné aux étudiants de la licence de mathématiques et du master Economie et Transitions écologiques.  
- Analyse systémique (System Thinking + System Dynamics)
- Application de l'analyse systémique à l'économie circulaire 
- Modélisation d'une thématique (biodiversité, eau, ressources naturelles, énergie, déchets, mobilité...) dans un projet de territoire.
- Groupe de 4 étudiants en mode projet (modélisation + scénarios) 

C4 : Workshop "The value of Data for Circular Economy an European Industrial Policy" (english), 20 hours, August Wierling, Valeria Schwanitz (HVL)
The online workshop is composed of several lectures on the value of data for circular economy and European Industrial Policy. These lectures are a part of the training of the doctoral schools and will allow all PhD students of UCA and partners to become familiar with circular economy and european open data initiatives (lectures also giver by guest professors).  Program is coming. 

C5 : Summer School
"System Dynamics"
(online Course + Face to Face), 35 hours (June 27th - july 1st, 2022), Eduard Nedelciu, Nathalie Spittler

Registration on the website of ERASME. Intensive training. Location : Archipel des Volcans (Laschamps, 63100, France. 
Contact : eduard Nedelciu - eduard.nedelciu@gmail.com
"Urban Circular Systems" (CNRS summer school), 35 hours (June 27th ) July 1st 2022), Arnaud Diemer, Cécile Batisse
Registration on the website of ERASME. Location : Archipels des Volcans (Laschamps, 63100, France)
Contact : Arnaud Diemer - arnaud.diemer@uca.fr et Cécile Batisse - cecile.batisse@uca.fr 
 

PRODUITS - PRODUCTS

La Chaire Jean Monnet "Economie circulaire et écologie industrielle" se propose de livrer plusieurs types de produits :

1° Réalisation d'un site WEB avec une newsletter trimestrielle et une animation via les réseaux sociaux (Linkedin, Twitter) - Responsables :  Arnaud Diemer, Pauline Houssin 

2° Podcast "Europe, Circular Economy and Industrial Ecology" en anglais présentant des apports théoriques ou des cas pratiques, Responsables : Eduard Nedelciu, Manuel Morales 

3° Circular Economy Webinars (english) - Once a month (every last friday, 12.30 - 13.30), Responsables : Manuel Morales, Arnaud Diemer, Eduard Nedelciu - Accès au programme.

4° Special issue for the review Sustainability "European Industrial Symbiosis" (2023), Responsables : Pinar Ozuyar, Gemma Cervantes, Arnaud Diemer. Proposal has to be sent before December 2022 to arnaud.diemer@uca.fr

5° Book "Industrial Ecology and Circular Economy in the EU Policy" (2024) - Editions Oeconomia - Responsables : August Wierling, Arnaud Diemer, Nuria Rabanal. Chapters have to be sent for december 2023 to arnaud.diemer@uca.fr  

RESEARCH - RECHERCHE 

The Jean Monnet Chair Circular Economy and Industrial Ecology developed four research programs : 

T3.1 Systems Dynamics for Circular Economy
Using Systems Dynamics to map the loops, time delays and archetypes in circular economy and industrial symbiosis. This research has been designed in conceptual framework, assessment framework, tools box and models. The Chair adapts the assessment frameworks “Circles of Sustainability” and the “Circular Triangle” to integrate other methods and tools in European studies of circular economy and industrial ecology.  Leaders : Cécile Batisse, Derek Chan, Arnaud Diemer, Eduard Nedelciu, Nathalie Spittler 

T3.2 Tools and indicators for industrial Ecology and Circular Economy
Develop research about the seven pillars of the circular economy to map the circularity of materials, energy, waste and water in Europe (Sankey Diagram) and cover a large spectrum of national strategies. Introducing Business models of circular economy and using life cycle analysis to challenge different sectors (building, energy, plastic). Also developing specific metrics for measuring advances in CE (plastic sector, building sector). Leaders : Paul James, Arnaud Diemer, Cécile Batisse, Jurij Giacomelli, Gemma Cervantes 

T3.3 Circular Economy and industrial from Symbiosis 4.0 to Symbiosis 6.0
Industry 4.0 is the era of Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) which comprises smart machines, storage systems and production facilities capable of autonomously exchanging information, triggering actions and controlling each other independently. Data monitoring, Computing Science and software modelling are part of the Circular Economy and Industrial Symbiosis design. Softwares such as Toile Maker or Vensim and Stella will be used to map flows and stocks, time delays, reinforcing and balancing loops, potential partners synergies… This research task builds a data platform at territorial scale for the implementation of a circular economy in public authorities (Metropolis, Community of municipalities) at different scales.  Leaders : Aneta Trajanov, Arnaud Diemer, Cécile Batisse, Pierre Dewaele, Anne Vanhaecke, Manuel Morales, August Wierling, Valeria Schwanitz, Claude Maheux Picard

T3.4 Observatory of Circular Economy and Industrial Ecology (OCEIE)
Creation of an observatory within the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on Sustainability (ERASME). This observatory is part of the ExcellencES call for projects (ANR, France) and is supported by the MICHELIN company. The aim will be to draw up market situations and analysis notes for bio-based materials (wood, straw, hemp, flax, cork, etc.) and biomaterials (green chemistry). This Observatory follows the European regulations from the European Commission (EC, 2007). Inauguration of the Observatory is planned in october 2022.
Leaders : Manuel Morales, Fabrice Audonnet, Arnaud Diemer, Cécile Batisse

T3.5 Multicriteria-Tool to evaluate public policies for implementing circular Economy in cities
Cities, in their quest for sustainability, are increasingly engaging in the circular economy and the implementation of industrial symbioses. The complexity of their ecosystems (population, food, waste, mobility, water, energy, etc.) requires them to have tools for modelling these complex situations and for devising the main orientations of public policies. The Europe Industrial Ecology and Circular Economy Chair is working - in collaboration with the Western University of Sydney (Circles of Social Life, the Possibilizzeurs company (toile maker) and the Millennium Institute (iSDG model) - on the creation of a multi-criteria tool for evaluating public policies. This tool will be tested in Europe and internationally via an agreement signed between the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on Sustainable Development (ERASME) and the International Michelin Cities Network. Fact sheets describing the implementation and strategy of these cities in terms of the circular economy will be produced for the 40 cities of the Michelin network and integrated into the Jacques Cartier Meeting.
Leaders : Derek Chan, Arnaud Diemer, Cécile Batisse, Eduard Nedelciu, Nathalie Spittler, Paul James, Matteo Pedercini, Gemma Cervantes, Pauline Houssin, Manuel Morales

EVENEMENTS - EVENTS 

The Jean Monnet Chair Circular Economy and Industrial Ecology organizes four types of events :


T4.1 Symposium “Green Deal, Circular Economy and Industrial Symbiosis”
Climate change and environmental degradation are a threat to Europe and the rest of the world. To tackle this, Europe needs a new growth strategy that transforms the Union into a modern, competitive and resource-efficient economy, where net greenhouse gas emissions are reduced to zero by 2050, where growth is decoupled from resource use, and where no one and no place is left behind. The Green Deal for Europe is the roadmap for the next 50 years, aiming to make the EU economy sustainable. The symposium aims to take a closer look at all areas of the Green Deal: measures to protect our fragile ecosystem (biodiversity), ways to ensure a more sustainable food chain, sustainability in agriculture and rural areas through the Common Agricultural Policy, clean energy, sustainable industry, sustainable mobility, pollution abatement, efficient waste management, etc. The symposium will also present the results of research from partners involved in European Projects.

T4.2 “Circular Economy” in Europe and Sustainable Development Week
As part of Europe Week and Sustainable Development Week, the Chair of Europe, Industrial Ecology and Circular Economy will join the events organised by the University of Clermont Auvergne and its partners. Two days per year will be designed around 4 events: (i) two conferences given by two experts, partners of the Chair, followed by a round table with former MEPs to discuss the main challenges of the Green Deal (in partnership with the Association of former Members of the European Parliament), (ii) a meeting with engineering students to talk about Europe and its achievements, (iii) a radio programme (partner France Bleu) on examples of circular economy (iv) a plenary conference in the evening open to the civil society (in partnership with the City of Clermont-Ferrand).

T4.3 Café – Debates “Europe and Circular Economy”
Organisation of coffee debates at the "Brasserie du jardin" (city center of Clermont Ferrand), with the participation of a researcher and a practitioner (elected representative, company, associations). Analysis of the circular economy from the point of view of the new jobs created, integrating issues related to climate, energy, biodiversity, water management, plastics. to explain how european funding produces a new dynamic for the Society. This event takes place once a month - Monday, 19.30 - 21.30. It will be co- organised with local associations - Platform 21, Association GREFFE, CISCA...
Leaders : Gérard Fonty, Cécile Batisse, Arnaud Diemer 

T4.4 Circular Economy, My industry, My territory

Cycle of games - conferences - debates - on Europe and the circular economy relocated on the territory and in companies. This is an educational innovation, which aims to move to different places (villages, local authorities, companies, etc.) to introduce and debate with employees of a company, staff of a local authority, inhabitants of a village. A participatory approach will allow us to understand the major challenges of the circular economy for Europe. We will use two board games: the grid (create an energy network between European cities) and Into the loop (connection between the use and origin of raw materials and the choice of energy sources). This event will be organised with the scholars of ESC (business school). Leaders : Valeria Schawnitz, Arnaud Diemer, Cécile Batisse, August Wierling

T4.5 Hackathon
The idea of the hackathon is to explore options for citizens to actively get involved in circular economy activities. Ideas to be explored by participating teams could include idea concepts, mockups, apps, platform collaborations, etc. A price will be awarded. The hackathon will be organized as a contribution to the annual meeting of the Joint Programs “Digitization for Energy” and “Economic, Environmental, and Social Impacts of the Energy Transition” of the European Energy Research Alliance. In this way, participating students also have the possibility to network with researchers and to present their ideas. Moreover, the city of Clermont-Ferrand as well as the student business lab at the Western Norway University of Applied Sciences will issue a prize for the three top winning teams.
Leaders : Valeria Schwanitz, August Wierling, Arnaud Diemer, Cecile Batisse, Valeria Giacomo, Alessandro Sciullo, Nuria Rabanal, Manuel Morales